Signs of Gum Disease

Gum Disease

Gum disease manifests itself as an inflammation of the gums. As the inflammation gets progressively worse, it starts to affect the bones that surround and support your teeth.

Gum disease is caused by plaque, which is a sticky and colorless film that forms on your teeth. If plaque isn’t removed by flossing and brushing, it builds up, which causes infections to your gums and teeth. If left untreated, gum disease leads to jaw problems and tooth-loss.

Here are some of the symptoms of gum disease:

Red Gums

Use a mirror and check your gums closely. If they look red and inflamed, then it is very likely that you are at the beginning stages of gum disease. Healthy gums are pink and solid, while red gums are puffy and inflamed.


Always check your mouth for signs of bleeding after brushing or eating foods. Healthy gums should never bleed after brushing or flossing. Bleeding occurs when a person does not adequately remove plaque from the teeth at their gum-line. When plaque builds up, it leads to a condition known as gingivitis.

If plaque is not removed through brushing and dental appointments, it hardens into tartar. Tartar can lead to an infection of the jawbone known as periodontitis.

Receding Gums

Unhealthy gums recede and pull away from the teeth, which can be tough to notice gum recession because it usually occurs over a long period of time. The first sign of gum recession is almost always gum sensitivity. If your teeth look longer and feel sensitive, then you should visit your dentist.

Gums recede when tartar builds up on and in-between your teeth. Tartar can’t be removed by brushing and flossing alone, but a professional cleaning can get rid of tartar.

Separating or Loose Teeth

Loose teeth are a sure sign that gum disease has been active in your mouth for many years. Teeth get loose and separate when the bone ligament that holds them in place is destroyed. If a person doesn’t do something to fix their teeth at that point, then their teeth are sure to fall out.

Pus between Your Teeth And Gums

When pus is found between your teeth and gums, it means that there are pockets of bacteria in your gums. In these pockets, bacteria builds-up and causes an infection in your gums. Eventually this infection leads to swelling, pain and a destruction of your jaw.

If you skip visiting the dentist, brushing or flossing, then plaque will build up on your teeth. Eventually, this starts to destroy your gums, teeth and the bone that supports your teeth. Over time, they become loose and fall out.