A healthy smile generally comes with bright pink gums. If your gums are darker in color, it could be a sign of poor oral health. While it’s normal for gum color to vary among different people, particularly dark or black gums are almost never a good sign and could mean gum disease or another serious condition. Learn what may be causing your gum discoloration and whether medical attention is necessary.
What Causes Black Gums? (Natural Causes)
In some people, darker gums may be the result of a higher concentration of melanin, a skin pigment that reacts to sunlight. Although it is more common in those with darker skin, people of any race can have high levels of melanin. That means dark gums can also be hereditary. If this is the case, as long as your gums do not hurt and you practice good oral hygiene, there is nothing to worry about.
Medical Causes of Gum Discoloration
Disease: The other causes of dark gums are of concern. Having darker gums, which may indicate dead tissue, along with mouth pain, bleeding gums and bad breath are all symptoms of gum disease. If left untreated, the disease can spread further, through the bone, causing more damage.
Other causes: In addition to gum disease, gum discoloration may be the result of poor oral hygiene, smoking or a viral infection such as HIV. It can also be a side effect of certain medications, such as the antibiotic minocycline. Crowns made of certain materials may also cause the gums around that area to darken. Consult with a doctor or dentist if these effects occur.
How to Get Rid of Black Gums
If your dark gums are the result of a disease, the only way to get rid of it is to have a dentist treat it. Depending on the severity, you will either be given antibiotics or the dead tissue will have to be surgically removed. Other causes will require different treatment options.
Get Rid of Black Gums by Calling Daxon Dentistry
If you are concerned about gum discoloration, consult with Daxon Dentistry immediately! If gum disease is the cause, we’ll provide effective treatment to restore your smile with health and beauty. Contact us today to schedule an appointment.